What Is Workplace Deviance?
Workplace deviance is referred to the voluntary behavior violating organizational norms that are of great significance, and in doing so, the personnel tends to threaten the well-being of the members of the organization or organization’s itself or both. Deviant behavior is explained from an alternative point of view as a behavioral departure from norms of reference groups. In most cases, such behaviors (lying, sabotage, aggression, political activities, misbehavior, theft, and noncompliance to the laws or regulations) are identified as significantly harmful to the firms or the society, on the whole. Warren, therefore, proposed a typology explaining behaviors that deviate or conform from normative expectations and be destructive or constructive either at the organizational level or at the social level. Destructive deviance behaviors have a negative impact and violate both, social norms as well as organizational norms.
Deviant behavior at the workplace
Deviant behavior at the workplace is an occupational crime as highlighted by various researchers that might vary along with a range of brutality, from serious acts, like theft and sabotaging to minors acts, like leaving early, embarrassing or harassing co-workers, etc. Workplace deviant behavior’s victims can include employees, or other employees, or both. An act is considered to be deviant at a workplace if it violates or breaks the significant rules and policies of the organization. According to previous researchers, most of the employees indulge in deviant behaviors at workplace, including drugs and alcohol abuse, sabotaging, abusing privileges of sick leaves, breaking rules of the organization, working with slow pace, absenteeism, taking longer breaks, withholding efforts, filing claims for fake accidents, hiding important and useful resources, harassing other employees, and stealing.
Several reviews of the effects of tort law have reached the mixed conclusion, where some of the researchers identified tort law as successful in deterring in engaging in deviant behaviors. However, recent research findings indicate that subjects are willingly indulging in risky behaviors and are not affected by the threat of potential liabilities of tort law. Empirical research findings examine deterrence by comparing non-liability with liability, for instance comparing motor vehicle fatalities caused due to alcohol across different states that do not or do hold commercial servers of alcohol beverages liable. On the contrary, some studies compared the extent of available damages by evaluating whether different tort reforms, like higher standards of causing punitive damages or non-economic damage caps, are related to aggregated changes in behaviors.